Probiotics and Diabetes: A Review

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Physical Education and Sport Physiology Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Nutrition Research Center, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Diabetes is among the set of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a long period of time. Diabetes mellitus is categorized into four general types: type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes, and "other specific types". According to the World Health Organization, the international occurrence of diabetes is about 10%, reaching up to 33% of the inhabitants in some areas. In recent years, there has been an increased attention to pro-and prebiotics among the public and in the medical community due to their probable role in improving health especially in prevention and treatment of diabetes. A probiotic is considered typically as a viable microbial dietary supplement that positively affects the host through its impacts in the intestinal tract. Therefore, we aimed to carry out a review article about the proposed roles and healthcare potentials of probiotics in controlling and management of diabetes as well as reaching a comprehensive conclusion in this field.

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