Document Type: Original Article
Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Nutrition, Khalili Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is considered to be a cluster of metabolic risk factors. The purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence of MetS using 4 different definitions, including the modified Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III) for Asians, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), and Harmonized criteria, its 5 interrelated components, and their association with socio-demographic and anthropometric factors among Khalili Hospital’s personnel, Shiraz, Iran.
Methods: Eighty six females and 73 males from Khalili Hospital staff with the mean age of 37.5±8.5 years and 39.2±8.2 years, respectively were recruited and completed the course of the study. Socio-demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical parameters were collected. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 19.
Results: The prevalence of MetS in the study population was 27.7%,7.5%, 24.5%, and 27.7% based on modified ATP III for Asians, AACE, IDF, and Harmonized definitions, respectively. The mean value of body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (W/H) was 25.3±4.0 kg/m2 and 0.9±0.1, respectively. The prevalence of MetS was only significantly higher in males than in females according to IDF criteria (30.1% vs. 19.8%; p=0.027). Neither educational status nor familial history of chronic diseases had a significant association with the prevalence of MetS (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Applying definitions with ethnicity-specific abdominal obesity cut-points seems to be better for diagnosis of the syndrome.