Document Type: Review Article
Student Research Committee, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Acne as a chronic inflammation involves pilosebaceous unit and is associated with hyperkeratosis and sebaceous hypersecretion. A high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet may stimulate acne proliferative pathways affecting biochemical factors in acne. Although GI and GL have a prominent role in acne pathophysiology, few literatures assessed this association. This review was undertaken to summarize the published data regarding the effect of low glycemic load diet on acne lesions. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Science direct, Google scholar up to January 2019. GI and GL are implicated in acne pathogenesis due to diet-induced hyperinsulinemia, stimulating a rise in IGF-1 concentrations and androgen hormones and as a result, amplifying acne-promoting pathways.