The Correlation between Body Mass Index, Protein Intake, and Quality of Life in Elderly

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Postgraduate Program of Nutrition Science, Sebelas Maret University, Ir. Sutami Street No. 36A, Kentingan, Jebres, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

2 Nutrition of Science Study Program, Postgraduate Program, Sebelas Maret University, Kentingan, Jebres, Surakarta, Indonesia

3 Agricultural Extension and Communication Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Ir. Sutami Street No. 36A, Kentingan, Jebres, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

Abstract

Background: The elderly is an age group that is susceptible to nutritional problems, especially protein intake which tends to be less intake, so it affects the body mass index. Both of these problems directly or indirectly will also affect the quality of life of the elderly. This study aimed to determine the correlation between body mass index, protein intake and quality of life in the elderly.
Methods: In a cross-sectional design, a sample of 165 elderlies aged≥60 years were enrolled and randomized from three community health centers of Karanganyar Regency. The body mass index (BMI), height, weight, protein intake data were obtained through interviews using 24-hour recall form. The quality of life data was prepared through interviews using the WQOOL-BREF questionnaire.
Results: There was a significant correlation between protein intake and quality of life; however, there was no correlation between body mass index and the quality of life.
Conclusion: Protein intake was shown to have a significant relationship with quality of life in the elderly.

Keywords