Comparing the Effect of Nutritional Booklets and Social Media on Knowledge and Consumption of Fattening Foods among Adolescents in Surakarta, Indonesia

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Human Nutrition, Sebelas Maret University, Kentingan, Surakarta, Indonesia

2 Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Kentingan, Surakarta, Indonesia

10.30476/ijns.2020.85501.1059

Abstract

Background: Adolescents would like to search for information about various foods before consumption via social media such as Facebook and Instagram too. This study was undertaken to determine the effect of nutritional booklets on knowledge and consumption of fattening foods among adolescents of Surakarta, Indonesia.
Methods: This study analyzed the effect of nutritional booklets and social media on knowledge and consumption of fattening-foods among adolescents. In a quasi experiment using nonequivalent control group during a period of 30 days, three high schools of 1st, 3rd, and 5th grade in Surakarta, indonesia were enrolled including 34, 33 and 29 students,
respectively based on a probability proportional sampling method. Nutritional education was carried out via nutritional booklets and social media during two weeks.
Results: Nutritional education using nutritional booklets was significantly more effective on knowledge and consumption of fattening foods.
Conclusion: Our findings showed that nutritional booklets and social media could ignificantly influence the knowledge and consumption of fattening foods among adolescents. Even the effect of nutritional booklets was more prominent.

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