Document Type : Original Article
Diabetes Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Health and Wellness Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Queensland University of Technology, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Background: Based on high transmissibility of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), nationwide lockdowns were undertaken to halt the spread of virus associated with changes in snack behavior. This study aimed to observe changes in snack behavior in Sri Lankan adults.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 27th May to 02nd June 2021. A pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire was shared via online social networking platforms using Google forms.
Results: Totally, 3601 respondents participated in the study, of which 60.1% were females, and 82.1% were Sinhalese. The majority of the respondentsincreased consumption of coffee/tea (53.7%), and biscuit (42.3%); where asubstantial proportion reported decreased consumption of cake (49.8%), sweets (49.0%), snacks (47.5%), desserts (46.2%), and sugar-sweetened beverages (48.7%). Participants of 31-35 years age (OR=1.445; 95% CI:1.119-1.865, p=0.005) and 36-40 years age (OR=1.409; 95% CI: 1.065- 1.864, p=0.016) reported the significantly higher biscuit consumption. Respondents in 31-35 years age (OR=1.265; 95% CI: 1.004 to 1.592, p=0.046) significantly increased coffee/tea intake. Among ethnic groups, Sinhalese (OR=1.509; 95% CI: 1.164 to 1.955, p=0.002) and Tamils (OR=1.408; 95% CI: 1.007 to 1.969, p=0.045) showed significant odds to increased coffee/tea drinking pattern. The respondents with monthly family income levels of less than 200,000 LKR (1000 USD) significantly liked to report increased consumption of biscuits and coffee/tea.
Conclusion: COVID-19 lockdown impacted snack consumption behavior among Sri Lankan adults. The consumption of coffee/tea and biscuit increased too.