Document Type : Original Article
Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Nutrition Research Center, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Background: Dietary patterns are receiving more attention as a potential method for preventing cognitive deterioration. In this line, Mediterraneandash intervention for neurodegenerative delay (MIND) diet is a pattern exclusively designed to protect the brain and delay brain damage. This study determined the score of adherence to the MIND dietary pattern in the elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its relationship with cognitive functions and metabolic factors.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study performed in Sina Clinic of Arsanjan, Iran, 60 people with T2DM were randomly enrolled. Adherence to the MIND diet pattern (scored as 0 to 15) was computed and the participants took cognitive tests by Persian paper and pencil cognitive assessment package (PCAP), and their scores were recorded. Blood sampling and biochemical tests and blood pressure were measured for participants.
Results: The correlation between score of adherence to the MIND dietary pattern with blood pressure was inversely significant (p<0.0001). The correlation between MIND dietary pattern and cognitive functions were not significant. The correlation between the score of adherence to the MIND diet pattern and biochemical factors was negative and not significant.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest a significant inverse correlation between MIND diet score and blood pressure. However, no significant correlation was observed between the score of adherence to this dietary pattern with biochemical and cognitive factors in the elderly with T2DM.