Document Type: Original Article
School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Student Research Committee, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Background: B vitamins are essential nutrients to maintain body health. These water soluble vitamins are critical co-enzymes in different cycles. Also, the intake of an adequate energy in elderly contributes to more ability to perform daily activities. This study aims at assessing the energy and water-soluble vitamins intake in elderly population under health care in Isfahan, Iran.
Methods: One hundred and fifty two old men and women (82 were under health care in Ghadir Elderly Care Center, Isfahan, Iran and 70 without health care) were enrolled in a case-control study. Food frequency questionnaire (168 items) was used for dietary intake assessment and N4 software for analysis of food content of the used diet.
Results: The intake of energy was significantly higher in the elderly population under health care than those without health care (p=0.038). Also, after adjustion of variables for energy and B vitamins, B1 and B9 vitamins were higher in case group when compared to the control group (p=0.032, p=0.012), respectively.
Conclusion: Old population in elderly centers had desirable levels of vitamins B1 and B9 and also energy intake denoting to the high health cares in the health centers.