Background: Confectionary products especially eclairs are a major part of food manufacturing in Iran. Considering high consumption levels and also the possibility of microbial contamination in this section of food products, the present study aimed to determine the degree of microbial contamination of eclairs supplied to Arak province confectionaries and the association between contamination level and adherence to hygiene principles at production sites.
Methods: Sampling was undertaken from 44 different types of eclairs and microbial tests were performed based on Iran National Standards. Data analysis was conducted using Spearman correlation and linear regression tests.
Results: This study showed that 43.2% of samples were contaminated with Escherchia coli, 59.1% with Enterobacteriaceae, 13.6% with mold, 20.5% with yeast and 13.6% with Bacillus cereus.
Conclusion: High contamination rate of eclairs with bacteria, molds and yeasts needs using different methods to control microbial growth, including promotion of sanitary awareness among labors, regular cleansing and disinfecting of equipments, improvement in sanitation of confectionaries proper food storage methods and quick preparation of confections.