Document Type : Review Article
University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, FI-00790 Helsinki, Finland
Natural Resources Institute (Luke), Production Systems, Horticultural Technologies, Toivonlinnantie 518, FI-21500 Piikkiö, Finland
Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan
College of Home Economics, The University of Peshawar, Pakistan
The seed of Nigella sativa commonly called ‘black seed’ has been used in different civilizations for centuries to treat various animal and human diseases. Thymoquinone is chemically 2-methyl-5-isopropyl-1, 4-benzoquinone monoterpene molecule and it is the main constituent in black seeds responsible for most of the pharmacological characteristics. The current review aims to discuss the effect of thymoquinone based on experimental evidence in reducing the risk of certain chronic issues such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, nephropathy, retinopathy, neuropathy, hepatopathy, hypertension, and obesity in the shadow of available literature. However, clinical trials are recommended to prove the studied effects of thymoquinone in humans.