Nutritional Support for Rehabilitation of Survived COVID-19 Patients: A Review

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences,Tabriz, Iran

4 Tehran Medical System Organization, Tehran, Iran

5 Iranian Nutrition Society, Tehran, Iran

6 Department of Nutrition and Diet Therapy, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

7 Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin, Iran

8 Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

9 Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

10 Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

11 Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran

12 Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

13 Department of Nutrition & Diet Therapy, Ardakan Ziaei Hospital, Yazd, Iran

Abstract

COVID-19 caused by SARS-COV-2 has spread in late 2019, and later, was announced as a pandemic disease. COVID-19 affects various organs of the body. Thus, patients are affected by a spectrum of disease severity and show a variety of symptoms such as fever, respiratory dysfunctions, and gastrointestinal complications. Nutritional treatment of patients consists of adequate intake of liquids, macro-and micro-nutrients to enhance the immune system and fulfill vital requirements. In addition to nutritional support during the treatment period, proper nutritional followup and support are needed to rehabilitate and regain optimal health status for survived COVID-19 patients. Thus, in this study, a review was done to present a guideline to provide nutritional support for COVID-19 survivors, to meet the needs, food purchase, and preparation.

Keywords